Due to the rising rate of crime worldwide, it is important for all individuals to be alert to the potential of criminal activity. The majority of crimes today are violent, and to maintain an awareness of violent attacks, one should always be on guard. No person is immune to crime, so for one to further protect oneself it is highly recommended to have knowledge of situational crime prevention techniques. Here we will discuss crime prevention, safety and methods of self-defense.
There are numerous types of self-defense available to individuals today ranging from martial arts to basic ‘stun gun’ techniques. The aim of any self-defense method is to incapacitate an assailant either permanently or temporarily, giving time to escape the dangerous situation. One advantage of self-defense is that one can stop an attacker without taking their lives, which could be viewed as committing a second crime precipitated by the first. It is important to keep this in mind when learning and displaying self-defense; however, there are circumstances when it is impossible to not grievously injure the assailant.
In addition to being a means of protecting oneself, self-defense can also increase overall safety and assist in lowering the crime statistics. This means that one is not only protecting oneself but is also preventing the growth of crime rates. Lowering the overall crime rate is an important aspect of safety and can benefit the society and community greatly.
Ways to ensure safety and self-preservation may include martial arts and knowing how to use weapons; but, the safety of one’s home and community can also be accomplished by using crime prevention tactics. This refers to the awareness of crime and the procedures one can undertake to reduce statistics of its victims. One example is the forming of a crime prevention street team. These individuals protect the community in a similar manner to local police, by walking the streets and ensuring that all individuals are safe in their homes.
Street teams can be beneficial, but it is also important to use the popular means of crime prevention such as alarm systems. There are various types of alarm systems available for purchase nowadays ranging from basic systems with motion detectors to those with CCTV and direct links to the alarm system companies. Choosing the best system for one’s property is dependent on the specific needs.
Crime scenes are difficult to investigate and require seamless approaches for the best results. No common approach is possible as crime scenes have distinct natures. Probably what’s typical is how agents investigate.
Investigators have to ensure no detail is tampered. They use:
- Other necessary tools or equipment
CSIs (crime scene investigators) gather as much evidence as they can to document and later obtain in-depth results through their crime lab’s forensic scientists.
Who are There
Police officers act fast to catch a criminal if they can, while the rest of their team secure the crime scene, awaiting CSIs.
As standard protocol, district attorneys are in crime scenes for legal assistance in case CSIs need them. This way, required documents from a judge for instance, can be promptly acquired. Meanwhile, medical examiners investigate the victims to determine causes of death.
Other experts may be in crime scenes when needed, among others:
- Forensic investigators
- Evidence specialists
Hand-in-hand, they work with CSIs for more compelling evidence or witnesses.
All evidence is dealt by CSIs with precision and care to:
- Guarantee evidence are not tampered;
- Reach their objective to convict a suspect.
How CSIs Start
Following a police call, the CSI unit heads to the crime scene to:
- First, validate if the scene is secured;
- Get an overview of the scene.
Then, they begin their work through notes, discussion and taking related photos.
Crime scene investigation though tiresome in securing evidence can lead to more crimes promptly solved. With forensic science at the helm, analyzing evidence has come a long way for detectives to follow through and catch their suspects.
In the U.S., white collar crimes are rampant and more complex than ever as offenders use state of the art technology in their crooked dealings. Worse, it takes time to prosecute them for those crimes. Thus, talented investigators are required to handle these crimes. A prosecution team requires advanced tools and equipment to investigate and prosecute white collar crimes.
Hardest hit is the mortgage industry due to the housing market’s instability creating a favorable environment for white collar crime to thrive. Also, the following contributed to increased crime rates:
- Lack of informational sharing
- Foreclosure rescue
- Modification frauds
- Rent skimming
Examples of White Collar Crime
White collar crimes that have become common include:
- Bankruptcy fraud
- Government procurement contracts
- Health care fraud
- Piracy/intellectual property offenses
- Insurance fraud
- Telemarketing Fraud
Most white collar offences are prosecuted by federal courts.
White collar offences are complicated and may need lots of resources to prosecute. Some cases may:
- Be difficult;
- Require investigators and prosecutors with special expertise.
In most cases, the local district attorney’s office may not have the resources to prosecute some complex white collar cases.
Cases involving huge losses may require federal authorities. Thus, white collar cases may be tried in states or the federal courts. Some cases are naturally tried in federal courts even if they violate state laws. The following offenses remain in the federal government:
- Bank fraud
- Commodities fraud
- Securities fraud
- Federal funds fraud
- Fraud by federal contractors
- Bribery involving federal government employees
- Income tax offenses
Investigating Federal White Collar Crimes
Government law investigation agencies are responsible for all white collar crimes. More than one agency may be involved in the investigation of white collar crime and prosecution. When a case is within more than two agencies’ range:
- Mortgage and bank fraud are investigated by the FBI.
- Taxation matters, money laundering and procurement fraud are IRS’s responsibility but other agencies like the FBI can investigate fraud.
- S. Postal inspectors investigate mail fraud.
Finally, immigration and customs law enforcers investigate counterfeit goods’ importation.