What Is Legal Guardianship?

Legal guardianship provides legal, personal and property duties and responsibilities to a person over a ward. The relationship is usually established by a last will and testament or court order.

Who Is A Legal Guardian?

Parents are natural guardians of their minor children. In the event that a marriage is dissolved, legal guardianship may pass to only one parent. Parents may also appoint guardians in the event that they are no longer capable of assuming their guardianship role, normally in the form of a last will and testament. Courts may also appoint legal guardians.

Any person can be appointed a legal guardian. Usually it is a person who is related to the ward, has a relationship with the ward or who will act in the best interests of the ward. Court ordered legal guardians may however have no relationship with the ward but be qualified in some way (usually in a legal capacity) to advocate for the rights and requirements of a ward.law

Who Is A Ward?

In most cases a ward is a minor or child under the age of 18 years who does not have the ability or legal capacity to manage their own affairs. This happens when a natural guardian (normally the parents) are no longer able to act on behalf of the child or where their legal rights have been suspended by a court of law for any reason whatsoever.

A ward can also be a person who does not have the capacity or competency to care for themselves or manage their own affairs. This includes persons who are physically disabled, mentally incapacitated or the elderly who are no longer able to manage their personal and property affairs.

What Are The Responsibilities Of A Legal Ward?

A legal guardian has wide range of duties and responsibilities to their ward in a legal, personal and property capacity as they relate to a specific ward.

In the case of a minor, the legal guardian will absorb all rights, responsibilities and duties that are normally afforded to a natural or adoptive parent. This includes providing shelter, food, education, clothing etc. to the ward. It also includes protecting and managing property of the minor and making legal decisions on behalf of the minor.

In the case of an incompetent or incapacitated person, the legal guardian has similar duties as set out above, however the legal nature of the responsibilities may become more complicated. Additional duties may be necessary depending on the requirements of the ward and the provisions of a court order.

When Does Legal Guardianship End?

In the case of a minor, duties and responsibilities of legal guardian usually terminate when the ward reaches the age of majority (18 years old). However, a court order may extend this period taking into consideration the best interests of the ward.

In other words, a court ordered guardianship may be extended beyond the age of 18 years normally where the court finds that the ward may not be able to manage their own personal or property affairs at that time.

In the case of incapacitated wards, court ordered guardianship terminates within a set period of time or at a time where the ward is able to resume their own responsibilities, as determined by the court. The court may reassess the need for guardianship at any given time or when requested by the guardian or ward. This type of legal guardianship normally only terminates when the ward is no longer living.

Before appointing a legal guardian, it is advisable to seek advice from a family lawyer or attorney. These legal representatives can also assist with any issues regarding legal guardianship.

Community Legal Services For You

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The one thing you are always going to hear people talk about is the lack of legal representation in the area they reside in. They don’t want to go with expensive options that are going to tax them through the roof and are not going to provide value. They want a good deal that is going to ensure they come out on the right end of the legal issues that are presenting themselves.

If that is what you are noticing, you will want to think about community legal services and the advantages you get with this route.

Full Supervision

You are going to receive full guidance from the moment you walk through the door. These are professional lawyers who are going to scour through case details and make sure your needs are met as required. You are not going to feel as if they are pushing you aside and there is full supervision in what is taking place and how your case is handled.

You will never feel like things are out of your control as this supervision is going to be with you in mind at all times.

This is a big part of how community legal services thrive and give you results.

Range Of Services

You won’t be getting a few services from this team of lawyers. Instead, you are going to get a range of options based on what you are coming in for. These community legal services can help with criminal law, family law, property law, and anything else you could have on your hands.

It is all about giving you a reasonable value that is going to provide results instead of just putting you into a troubled state because there is no legal representation that is good enough for you to go with.

This is the right way for you to go in the end.

Experienced

You are not just getting adequate legal counsel; you are getting the best in the field. These are legal services you can trust and will know are going to have your best interests in mind every step of the way. They are not going to skimp on what is taking place because they are a “community” option.

Instead, they are going to work hard for you in a professional manner to ensure your legal requirements are being met, and you can breathe easily at the end of the day.

This is the beauty of good community legal services and what they provide.

When you are thinking about going ahead and contacting community legal services that are at the top of what they are doing right now. You never want to trust legal services that are not as professional as you need them to be. This is only going to frustrate, and you are not going to like the results at all.

You want to think about everything and know these are the legal services that are going to change your life forever and will ensure you are content in the end with the legal representation on your side.

What Are Legal Rights?

legal

Legal rights are those rights that are encoded in laws from a legal system of a society. They are generally going to deal with a person’s ability to have freedoms and the ability to pursue their own course in life without anyone else interfering or doing them harm.

Therefore, it is generally illegal in a society to override someones else’s legal rights and this accomplishes a form of protection for people as they pursue their own ends. Where difficulties arise is when individuals decide to steal the legal rights from another person.

Physical stealing of money or property would be one such example of trampling on the legal right of an individual to securely hold and maintain their own money and property.

In the United States, these rights are very sacred and are embodied in our Declaration of Independence, the Constitution and the Bill of Rights. The problems also arise when lawmakers and citizens begin to interpret these laws and rights in their own ways, which most of the time they are attempting to morph the legal right into an better fit for their own purposes.

Of course over the centuries, there have been many different societies all with differing concepts of just how freely an individual’s legal rights can be stretched compared to the “rights” of the state. In some societies, the rights of the people are so restricted that the governmental body becomes very oppressive and restrictive.

In the legal system put together in the United States by the Founding Fathers, there is the concept that we were created by our creator to have equal opportunity to pursue freedom and happiness, as long as we do not interfere with the same objectives of other people.

At the time of the inception of the new experiment of a representative government, the world was full of Kings and Queens, and having the people become in any manner, to have a voice in the affairs of the government was unthinkable.

Legal rights have similar intent as that of moral principles such as treating your fellow occupants of this planet with respect and dignity, people have the right to think and speak freely, and the rights of others should be respected.

Of course, not everyone agrees with that concept, so in some societies, in the past, as well as currently, people who gain control can suppress those rights to differing degrees, and the people must suffer under repressive regimes.

When a society constructs laws that define the legal rights of people in a society, then courts are used to adjudicate the law in terms of whether a person’s legal rights are being violated.

Taking the life of another human being is the ultimate violation of the deceased person’s legal rights, but there are other transgressions that also take another individual’s legal rights.

These episodes fall into the descriptions of trickery, fraud, stealing property and money outright and other such occurrences that would diminish the legal rights of another. Consequently there are laws of punishment for people who take the legal rights from another person, ranging from death, if a person murders another person, to incarceration and fines for lesser instances.

What Are the Best Ways To Find Competent Legal Services

Whether you are trying to find a lawyer to help you with a divorce that is not going well, or if you have recently been arrested for a DUI, it’s good to know how to find competent legal services that can come to your rescue so that you can have proper representation in court. If you are not able to have a lawyer represent you, you could inadvertently lose a case that you would otherwise when. By having a legal professional at your side throughout this entire ordeal that you are going through, you will have the best chance of resolving the issues you are facing in your favor. Here are the easiest ways to get legal services from a competent attorney or legal team to help you resolve your situation.

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Why People Need Lawyers

There are many reasons that people need lawyers. For example, you may need to be represented in a court of law if you have been recently fired from your job after getting injured while you are working. You may have been fired six months before retirement for reasons that make no sense, and you need to try to fight for your pension. You may have been in a car accident where other people are going to sue you, and there is no way that you could defend yourself. For all of these reasons and many more, having a legal representative helping you with your case is the best choice you can make.

Finding The Right Attorney

The easiest way to find a competent attorney to represent you in court is to search the web and look for lawyers that are offering their services. Look at the ratings that they have on Google local listings, or on Yelp, and make your choice based upon what other people have said. You will have several to choose from, and the attorney that seems the most competent to you when you actually meet is the one that you should probably choose. You can also select one based upon the retaining fee and the hourly rate. The choice will be up to you.

Once you have found a lawyer that can represent you, it will take so much stress off of you, knowing that you will not have to worry about the legal aspects of the situation you are facing. It will also allow you to have confidence that a settlement may be coming your way, particularly in cases where there was an accident involved, or if your employer has let you go. Contact a competent attorney in your area to get the best legal services today.

How Legal Aid Services Can Help

justice logoThe justice system is an immensely confusing place. People without much experience in legal matters — either criminal or civil — are often at a loss when attempting to navigate this system. The conventional solution to the confusion is to hire an attorney. What about individuals who don’t have the money to engage a lawyer’s services? That’s what legal aid services are made for.

What Is Legal Aid?

Legal aid is an umbrella term that covers both legal advice and actual legal representation in court provided at low or no cost. It’s long been recognized that the realities of the legal system discriminate against individuals with minimal financial resources, despite the ideal of equality before the law. Legal aid services exist to try and level the playing field and give poor people a chance to be heard fairly in court.

Legal aid is typically provided in one of three different ways. The “staff attorney” system is employed within state and federal governments to give assistance to low-income clients. Public defenders in criminal trials are one example of this method. “Judicare” is a system where non-profit organizations use their funds to hire attorneys on behalf of the individuals who need them. Finally, the “community clinic” system operates by bringing legal professionals who want to do pro bono (free) work with clients who have limited resources.

When Is Legal Aid Available?

Regardless of how it is organized, a legal aid service rarely has the resources available to provide full representation to everyone who inquires about it. Most services have a number of standards they use to prioritize clients and assign their limited resources. Income levels are typically taken into account, as are the types of cases involved. Serious violations of rights (e.g. discrimination, negligence, etc.) tend to be highly prioritized.

Although a legal aid service may not be able to provide a pro bono lawyer to a prospective client, they do generally provide free and sound legal advice that can help individuals who are unfamiliar with the civil or criminal justice systems. They also frequently recommend attorneys who might make a good fit with a client’s needs and ability to pay.

Advantages Of Legal Aid Services

A legal aid service is not the only way to obtain representation or legal advice at minimal cost. One of the main alternatives is working with a lawyer who operates on a “no win, no fee” basis. Legal aid services can often provide better advice, though, because they generally make an effort to help all potential clients. “No win, no fee” attorneys typically only assist clients with strong cases who represent a likely profit to the lawyer.

Legal aid services can often help individuals of limited means answer the most important legal question of all: Is it worth it to take this to court? The lawyers and other professionals staffing legal aid services will be able to offer a reasonable assessment of an individual’s case and explain both the likely costs and outcomes of proceeding with legal action.

While they are far from perfect, legal aid services fulfill a vital role in the justice system. They act as a safety net that prevents some of the most disadvantaged individuals from suffering further mistreatment due to their lack of financial resources. By delivering at least of modicum of legal expertise, they can help anyone take advantage of their legal opportunities.

The Duties of a Crime Scene Investigator

What Is A Crime Scene Investigator?

 

A Crime Scene Investigator or simply CSI is a trained police officer that looks for and analyzes evidences. They are also called as identification officers. They work with the members of the police team but they are more focused on the crime scene itself. Crime scene refers to the location or site in which the incident happened.

CSIs use field kits that contain analysis tools to preserve and document every piece of evidence found at the crime scene. Such evidences will help in processing and solving the crime. CSIs are also responsible in the packaging and transportation of these physical evidences.

What Are The Duties Of A Crime Scene Investigator?

 

The following are the duties and responsibilities of a crime scene investigator.

Recognizes the scene

A CSI should conduct the initial search upon arrival to the crime scene. During such time, he should develop the strategies and approaches he will use to come up with the useful evidences. The equipment needed should also be determined. The integrity of the crime scene should be maintained also by roping the scene off and marking the areas where the evidences are found.

Documents the crime

This documentation should be forwarded to the officers and law enforcers for further investigation. Sketches, written notes and pictures are all included in the documentation. At this point, the CSI will have the initial interpretation based on the evidences that are currently present.

Collects evidences

After surveying and documenting the crime scene, the CSI should make an effort to search for other evidences that are relevant to the crime. He should communicate to all the people that can testify and provide the missing information. The evidences that are collected should be labelled and preserved properly.

Carries out other legal duties

The responsibilities of an investigator do not end with identifying the suspects of the crime. He should also help the lawyers in preparing criminal proceedings. Reports and evidences should be discussed with the legal officers. At times, investigators also testify in the court. In this regard, CSIs must also be knowledgeable on the laws that are relevant to the crime. This helps them to be able to come up with a clear and justifiable explanation of the meaning of the evidences.

Who Can Become A Crime Scene Investigator?

 

Police officers who have served for three years can begin their training to become a crime scene investigator. Some departments may require a person to have a specific college degree. Within the training period, they are tasked to do researches, oral exams and written exams as well as course work. Generally, they are trained in all areas of crime scene investigation. However, some may specialize in a specific area like serology, DNA collection and forensic photography.

What Are The Evidences Used By CSIs?

 

There are two types of evidences present in the crime scene. These are the testimonial evidences and physical evidences. Testimonial evidences are given by those people who have witnessed the incident while physical evidences refer to the items that are left on the scene. These items will prove the facts stated by the witnesses. They will also help in establishing the elements of the crime and identifying the suspect. Physical evidences may include the following:

  • Fingerprints, footwear and bite marks;
  • Weapons like guns or knives and other items like pellets, cartridges and gun powder; and
  • Blood, hair, nails, semen and other body fluids

Crime scene investigators follow an organized approach in processing the crime scene. They are also familiar with the basic relevant state and nation laws that can help them explain the evidences at hand. In general, CSIs are responsible in the collection, preservation and sealing of evidences. They are also responsible in the transportation and documentation of the evidences found in the crime scene.

Crime Scene Investigator Education Requirements

Being a crime scene investigator can be an exciting and rewarding career. Not only do you face new challenges every day, but you also get to help get criminals off the street. But, it is not a job for the faint of heart. You may see things during your time investigating crime scenes that you would rather forget. However, just knowing that you are going to be helping catch the person responsible for the crime is often enough incentive to make it through the worst of it.

Crime scene investigator education requirements vary. It depends upon the position that you are thinking about applying for. Low level positions may require a two-year education. On the other hand, higher level positions generally require an advanced degree. In general, a good place to start is by pursuing a degree in crime scene technology or crime scene investigation. From there, you can qualify for a number of different positions with local law enforcement agencies.

Speaking of law enforcement agencies, you may want to spend some time talking to your local police department. This way, you will find out what their education requirements are for crime scene investigators. Doing this also gives you some guidance as to which type of training is best. This is especially true if you plan to stay in your local area after you have graduated.

There are a number of different colleges, universities and trade schools that offer training in crime scene analysis and forensics. You can either attend one of these schools in person or you can pursue an online degree. There are a number of benefits associated with taking classes online. First and foremost, you can study at your own pace and work your classes in around your schedule. This makes it easy to hold a job at the same time that you are pursuing your education.

Additionally, you don’t have to worry about inclement weather keeping you from your classes or about finding a parking space. As long as you have a working Internet connection, you can attend class whenever you have the time. Many programs allow you to work at your own pace as well. This can be beneficial if you have a lot of other activities going on in your life. Whether you pursue a degree in person or online, it is important to make sure that the school you attend is properly accredited. After all, there is no point in spending a lot of time and money on a degree that won’t do you any good once you graduate.

Getting a good crime scene investigator education can help you find a job in helping to solve crimes with a law enforcement agency. This can be an incredibly challenging, yet a very rewarding career. During the course of your career, you will probably see things that you wish you hadn’t. However, in the long run, you’ll get the hang of it. Knowing that you are helping find criminals so that they can get the punishment that they deserve can help make it all worthwhile. Nothing beats the feeling that comes along with solving a crime.

Some Facts on Crime Scene Investigations

Crime scenes are difficult to investigate and require seamless approaches for the best results. No common approach is possible as crime scenes have   distinct natures. Probably what’s typical is how agents investigate.

Investigators have to ensure no detail is tampered. They use:

  • Gloves
  • Tweezers
  • Other necessary tools or equipment

CSIs (crime scene investigators) gather as much evidence as they can to document and later obtain in-depth results through their crime lab’s forensic scientists.

 Who are There

Police officers act fast to catch a criminal if they can, while the rest of their team secure the crime scene, awaiting CSIs.

As standard protocol, district attorneys are in crime scenes for legal assistance in case CSIs need them. This way, required documents from a judge for instance, can be promptly acquired. Meanwhile, medical examiners investigate the victims to determine causes of death.

Other experts may be in crime scenes when needed, among others:

  • Forensic investigators
  • Evidence specialists

Hand-in-hand, they work with CSIs for more compelling evidence or witnesses.

All evidence is dealt by CSIs with precision and care to:

  • Guarantee evidence are not tampered;
  • Reach their objective to convict a suspect.

How CSIs Start

Following a police call, the CSI unit heads to the crime scene to:

  • First, validate if the scene is secured;
  • Get an overview of the scene.

Then, they begin their work through notes, discussion and taking related photos.

Crime scene investigation though tiresome in securing evidence can lead to more crimes promptly solved. With forensic science at the helm, analyzing evidence has come a long way for detectives to follow through and catch their suspects.

Common White Collar Crime and Prosecution

In the U.S., white collar crimes are rampant and more complex than ever as offenders use state of the art technology in their crooked dealings. Worse, it takes time to prosecute them for those crimes. Thus, talented investigators are required to handle these crimes. A prosecution team requires advanced tools and equipment to investigate and prosecute white collar crimes.

Hardest hit is the mortgage industry due to the housing market’s instability creating a favorable environment for white collar crime to thrive.   Also, the following contributed to increased crime rates:

  • Lack of informational sharing
  • Foreclosure rescue
  • Modification frauds
  • Rent skimming

Examples of White Collar Crime

White collar crimes that have become common include:

  • Bankruptcy fraud
  • Securities
  • Government procurement contracts
  • Health care fraud
  • Piracy/intellectual property offenses
  • Insurance fraud
  • Telemarketing Fraud

Most white collar offences are prosecuted by federal courts.

White collar offences are complicated and may need lots of resources to prosecute. Some cases may:

  • Be difficult;
  • Require investigators and prosecutors with special expertise.

In most cases, the local district attorney’s office may not have the resources to prosecute some complex white collar cases.

Cases involving huge losses may require federal authorities. Thus, white collar cases may be tried in states or the federal courts.  Some cases are naturally tried in federal courts even if they violate state laws.  The following offenses remain in the federal government:

  • Bank fraud
  • Commodities fraud
  • Securities fraud
  • Federal funds fraud
  • Fraud by federal contractors
  • Bribery involving federal government employees
  • Income tax  offenses

Investigating Federal White Collar Crimes

Government law investigation agencies are responsible for all white collar crimes. More than one agency may be involved in the investigation of white collar crime and prosecution. When a case is within more than two agencies’ range:

  • Mortgage and bank fraud are investigated by the FBI.
  • Taxation matters, money laundering and procurement fraud are IRS’s responsibility but other agencies like the FBI can investigate fraud.
  • S. Postal inspectors investigate mail fraud.

Finally, immigration and customs law enforcers investigate counterfeit goods’ importation.